Glossary of Glove Terms

ANSI – American National Standards Institute – an agency that establishes standards for processes used by industry.

Band Top – Refers to a band of material used as a cuff on gloves.

Binding – Narrow material used to bind the cuff on gloves such as drivers’ styles and red lined jerseys.

Clute style – A glove sewn with seams on the back of the glove at every finger and straight thumb.

Cut and Sewn – Fabrics like canvas, jersey, or leather are cut using a pattern into components and sewn together to make a glove.

Dipped Gloves – Unsupported gloves are manufactured by dipping a ceramic mold directly into a polymer. Coated gloves use a fabric “glove” stretched over a mold and then dipped into a polymer.

Drivers’ Glove – A slip-on style, full leather glove.

Fabric Weight – Usually expressed as “8-ounce”, “24-ounce” or some other number. This is the weight of a full square yard of fabric that the glove is sewn from. So a square yard of fabric used to make an 8-ounce brown jersey glove weighs 8 ounces.

Fleece Lining – Soft, cotton material used for additional warmth and to reduce abrasive chafing in leather gloves.

Flesh Split – The layer of hide next to an animal’s muscles and flesh.

Forming – Part of the turning process in glove manufacture. Enhances the appearance and straightens seams that otherwise might cause discomfort.

Full Lining – A “glove within a glove”, the lining covers the entire interior surface of the glove.

Gauntlet Cuff – A 4 to 4 ½ inch wide band of bonded material sewn to a glove as a cuff. Gauntlet cuff gloves are designed to be removed quickly if required.

Gunn Pattern – A design that features fully wrapped leather index fingers and thumbs, leather fingertips, leather knuckle straps, wing thumb design, shirred elastic back and continuous pull. Their open cuff design allows the wearer easy on/off. These are usually very generously sized.

Keystone Thumb – Type of inset thumb on full leather glove patterns. Provides additional wear and greater comfort.

Knitwrist – A band of elasticized material sewn as a cuff on gloves. Holds the glove in place securely.

Lining – Inner materials to provide added warmth or comfort.

Middle Split – A fatty layer between the top grain and flesh split of a cowhide. Similar to flesh split but has no tensile strength or abrasion resistance. Not usually used in gloves.

Nap – In fabric gloves, the loose ends of woven fibers that appear fluffy. Nap-out on chore gloves, nap-in on cotton flannel styles. In leather palm gloves, a “nappy” appearance is the loose ends of leather fibers, which usually indicates poor quality.

OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the government agency responsible for industrial safety and health of workers, a part of the Department of Labor.

Pile Lining – Bulky, acrylic material used for extra warmth in gloves.

Polymer – A material that can be liquefied to be used as a coating on gloves, such as PVC, vinyl, neoprene, nitrile, or rubber.

PVC – Poly Vinyl Chloride Polymer, Plastic, Vinyl.

Rubberized – A term used to describe the bonding of material layers in a glove cuff by the use of rubber cement.

Safety Cuff – A 2 to 2 ½ inch wide band of bonded material sewn to a glove as a cuff. Safety cuff gloves are designed to be removed quickly if required.

Shoulder Split – Suede leather taken from the side of the cow, noted for its strength and durability.

Side split – Suede leather taken from the side of the cow. Usually more durable and thick than shoulder split.

Slip-on Style – A glove with no cuff. Drivers gloves are examples of slip-on styling.

Straight Thumb – A glove thumb that normally lies straight with the index finger. Common to most fabric gloves and drivers’ gloves.

String Knits – Fabric gloves or sleeves fabricated using a machine to knit the produce in one piece rather than sewing pieces of material together.

Supported Gloves – Chemical resistant gloves manufactured using a shell or lining.

¾ Back – Used to describe a leather palm style glove when the back is leather ¾ of the way from the finger tips to the wrist.

Top Grain – The outside layer of animal hide with the hair having been chemically removed.

Unsupported Gloves – gloves manufactured without a fabric lining.

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